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What does Special Education Needs / Disabilities (SEND) mean, and what can the school provide for?

What does Special Education Needs / Disabilities (SEND) mean, and who can the school provide for?


The term ‘special educational needs and Disabilities’ (SEND) is defined as,


“learning needs that require additional educational provision to be made.”

(Code of practice, 2014)


Pupils with SEND have learning difficulties or disabilities or both that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age. These pupils may need extra or different help from that given to others in their class.


A pupil has a learning difficulty if he or she:

  • has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of children at the same age.
  • has a disability which prevents or hinders them making use of the educational facilities usually available.
  • a pupil has SEN if they have learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made.


We maintain records of all pupils who have additional learning needs. This is shared with all staff so they are aware of those who need additional support in lessons and work can be differentiated as necessary.


The Code of Practice (2014) defines SEND under four board categories of need, which are:

  • Communication and interaction
  • Cognition and learning
  • Social, emotional and mental health difficulties
  • Sensory and/or physical needs